In the aftermath of Khazaria's conquest in 964 by the Kyivan prince Sviatoslav I Ihorevych, Khazarian Jews settled in Kyiv, the Crimea (see Karaites), and Caucasia.
Throughout the 11th and 12th centuries Khazarian Jews steadily migrated northwards.
From there they migrated to the valleys of the three major rivers—the Volga River, Don River, and Dnieper River—where they maintained active economic and diplomatic relations with Byzantium, Persia, and the Khazar kaganate.
The latter empire consisted of Turkic tribes that converted to Judaism in about 740 AD.
Its population in 1869 was 87,109 of whom 26,694 were Jews; in 1890 it was 127,943, including 36,130 Jews; in 1900 there were 44,801 Jews in a total population of 159,618. The history of the Jews of Lemberg dates from its foundation in the middle of the thirteenth century.
Capital of Galicia, Austria; 180 miles east of Cracow and 60 miles from the Russian frontier.
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Originally, the Jewish quarter was located within the city walls, on the southwest side.HOME - HISTORY - ARTS - LITERATURE - RABBI LEVI YITZHAK - HOLOCAUST - MAPS BERDICHEV TODAY - OTHER REFERENCES - CURIOSITIES - GENEALOGY - PHOTOGRAPHY - MY FATHER'S BOOK - VIDEOS - LINKS - CREDITS - ABOUT ME - CONTACT - GUESTBOOKJews (Ukrainian: zhydy, ievreï).Jews first settled on Ukrainian territories in the 4th century BC in the Crimea and among the Greek colonies on the northeast coast of the Black Sea (see Ancient states on the northern Black Sea coast).A general conflagration which visited Lemberg on Aug. The Jews were permitted to rebuild on easy terms and, as an inducement to stay, were released from part of their taxes. In 1521 the magistrate of Lemberg joined the magistrates of the neighboring cities in a petition to the king to abrogate all commercial privileges enjoyed by the Jews.In a letter from the magistrate of Lemberg to that of Posen the Jews are referred to as "infidels and dangerous competitors of Christian merchants." The Cracow diet was induced to propose such measures "to save the Church from ruin." The king, however, refused to sanction them.