DENOMINATION – Lay midway between churches and sects. Led by “practitioners” or “therapists” who claim special knowledge. He identifies between three different kinds of NRM. Offer a service, and claim to allow people to achieve their ‘full potential’. - WORLD ACCOMMODATING – These NRM’s neither fully accept, nor fully reject mainstream values.Membership is more inclusive and they broadly accept society’s values. - WORLD REJECTING –Similar to cults, extremely critical of mainstream society, members follow with total commitment and usually requires a change in lifestyle. They require little commitment (apart from the cost), and members can live a normal life. They often stem from traditional religion, and attempt to revive traditions/beliefs which they have been lost in society.
A darker side of apocalyptic expectations has resulted in mass suicides and tragic conflict with governmental agencies. Jones, an increasingly authoritative and paranoid personality, warned his followers that a devastating thermonuclear war was impending.
Although some NRMs indeed are of recent origin, many others constitute contemporary rediscoveries or recombinations of cultural themes explored by predecessor groups.
Likewise, many NRMs are not religious in the traditional sense.
Hostile to wider society and expect a high level of commitment.
Typically led by a charismatic leader and claim to have the monopoly of truth. WALLIS coined the term “new religious movement” to cover the different types of religious movements growing.